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Galvanic Series of Metals and Effect of Alloy Compositions on Corrosion Resistance in Sanya Seawater
Chen Mindong; Zhang Fan; Liu Zhiyong; Yang Chaohui; Ding Guoqing; Li Xiaogang
2018
发表期刊ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA
卷号54期号:9页码:1311-1321
摘要With the development of ocean engineering, various metallic materials have been applied to the marine environment. It is an urgent requirement to study the galvanic series and alloy composition optimization of metallic materials in the tropical marine environment. In this work, open circuit potentials (OCP) and galvanic series of 36 kinds of metallic materials in Sanya seawater were studied. By considering the response of OCP to tidal changes, the anti-corrosion effects of alloying elements were also ana lyzed. The results show that the OCP of metallic materials in Sanya seawater has a large range. The galvanic series order of metallic materials from high to low in Sanya seawater is: nickel alloy, duplex stainless steel, austenitic stainless steel and pure copper, ferritic stainless steel, martensitic stainless steel, copper alloy, low alloy steel, carbon steel, cast iron, aluminum alloy and aluminum anode. Low-carbon high-alloy content carbon steel and high Cr, Ni contents stainless steel have higher OCP. The potential fluctuations of carbon steel with tidal changes involves two phases: (1) under the dynamics control, the OCP of carbon steel is more negative at high tide; (2) under the diffusion control, the OCP is more positive at high tide. The potential fluctuations of metallic materials reflect the effect of the corrosion product film on the change of ionization balance, and metals with less potential fluctuations have better inhibition on ion diffusion. In Sanya seawater, the carbon steel, which has more alloying content and less carbon content, has less potential fluctuations with the tidal changes and has good oxygen diffusion resistance. The potential fluctuations of austenitic stainless steel with tidal changes are less than that of ferritic stainless steel and martensitic stainless steel. After 2700 h immersion, austenitic stainless steel and martensitic stainless steel, which have a higher content of Mo, have more stable OCP. In other words, the corrosion film gets a better corrosion resistance. The OCP of aluminum anode in Sanya seawater environment increases when the oxygen content is brought up. The OCP of Zn-containing or Ga-containing aluminum anode remains relatively stable. Al bronze and T2 copper have less potential fluctuations with tidal changes, and perform good corrosion resistance in Sanya seawater.
关键词Deep-ocean Environment Simulated Tidal Zone South China Sea Stainless-steel Marine-environment Weathering Steels Natural Seawater Oxygen Reduction Carbon-steel Mild-steel
学科领域Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Materials Science
语种英语
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.nimte.ac.cn/handle/174433/17206
专题2018专题
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chen Mindong,Zhang Fan,Liu Zhiyong,et al. Galvanic Series of Metals and Effect of Alloy Compositions on Corrosion Resistance in Sanya Seawater[J]. ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA,2018,54(9):1311-1321.
APA Chen Mindong,Zhang Fan,Liu Zhiyong,Yang Chaohui,Ding Guoqing,&Li Xiaogang.(2018).Galvanic Series of Metals and Effect of Alloy Compositions on Corrosion Resistance in Sanya Seawater.ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA,54(9),1311-1321.
MLA Chen Mindong,et al."Galvanic Series of Metals and Effect of Alloy Compositions on Corrosion Resistance in Sanya Seawater".ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA 54.9(2018):1311-1321.
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